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Cusco, Peru Books



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35 Free photos of (fotos libre de) Cusco, Peru (city tour)  

Free pictures taken during a "city tour" of Cusco, Peru. There are two other sets of Cusco pictures, one from walking around the city, and the other from the Sacred Valley.

Cusco (also Cuzco), and in the native Quechua language Qusqu, is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. The city has a population of about 300,000, triple the population it contained just 20 years ago. The altitude of the city, located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cusco, is around 3,500 m (11,500 feet). The historic capital of the sun-worshipping Inca empire, it has been found in 2006 to be the spot on Earth with the highest ultraviolet light level.

(Adapted from: Arequipa, Peru. (2008). From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia and from the Embassy of Peru)

See all the free photos, including other photos of Peru by going to the Photo Catalog  Click on any picture for a FREE larger version. Read the licensing rules (REVISED) for your needs. There are hundreds of high quality free photos: use the Google/site search engine. See our digital photography tips : DOs and Don'tsChoosing a Camera and Accessories , Downloading Photos, and Editing Photos. Visit TechnologySite.org for free photos and lists of inventions and technology and learn Climate Change Facts to see for yourself if your area is at risk from global warming or global cooling.

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Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire. Many believe that the city was planned to be shaped like a puma. A road led from each of the four quarters to the corresponding quarter of the empire. Each local leader was required to build a house in the city and live part of the year in Cusco, but only in the quarter of Cusco that corresponded to the quarter of the empire he had territory in. After Pachacuti, when an Inca died his title went to one son and his property was given to a corporation controlled by his other relatives (a process called split inheritance), so each title holder had to build a new house and add new lands to the empire, in order to own the land his family needed to maintain after his death.

The first Spaniards arrived in the city on November 15, 1533. Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, officially discovered Cusco on March 23, 1534, naming it the "Very noble and great city of Cusco". The many buildings constructed after the Spanish conquest are of Spanish influence with a mix of Inca architecture, including the Santa Clara and San Blas barrios. The Spanish undertook the construction of a new city on the foundations of the old Inca city, replacing temples with churches and palaces with mansions for the conquerors. During the colony, Cusco was very prosperous thanks to the agriculture, cattle raising, and mining as well as the trade with Spain. This allowed the construction of many churches and convents, and even a Cathedral, University and an Archbishopric. Often, Spanish buildings were juxtaposed atop the massive stone walls built by the Inca.

A major earthquake in 1950 badly destroyed the Dominican Priory and Church of Santo Domingo, which were built on top of the impressive Coricancha (Temple of the Sun). The city's Inca architecture, however, withstood the earthquake. Many of the old Inca walls were thought to have been lost after the earthquake, but the granite walls of the Coricancha were exposed, as well as many walls throughout the city. While some wanted to restore the buildings to their colonial splendor, a contingent of Cusco citizens urged city officials to retain the exposed walls. Eventually they won out. Cusco was also hit by a major earthquake in 1650.

(Adapted from: Arequipa, Peru. (2008). From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia and from the Embassy of Peru)











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http://www.TechnologySite.org for free photos and lists of inventions and technology. Visit http://www.ClimateChangeFacts.info for unbiased information about climate change. Visit http://www.ClimateCooling.org for eye-opening biased information on global cooling and climate change and visit http://www.OceanAssoc.com for fisheries and oceans consulting services.

This page last updated August 2014