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Arequipa, Peru Books



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36 Free photos of Arequipa, Peru (city)  

Free pictures in the city of Arequipa. Arequipa is a large city in southern Peru and the nation's second most important city. It is also the capital of the Arequipa Province, 633.8 miles from Lima. The city lies in the highlands at the foot Logo of Arequipa, Peruof the snow-capped volcano El Misti. El Misti is currently inactive, but erupted strongly between 1438 and 1471. Several smaller eruptions have occurred since then, most recently in 1870. Arequipa has over 80 volcanoes which can be found in the Valley of Volcanoes. Arequipa has many fine colonial-era Spanish buildings built of sillar, a pearly white volcanic rock used extensively in the city, and from which it gets its nickname La Ciudad Blanca ("the white city"). The historic center of the city was named a UNESCO world heritage site in 2000, in recognition of its architecture and historic integrity. The city is located at an altitude of 2,380 meters (7740 feet) above sea level. El Misti is located between two smaller volcanoes - Chachani "the Beloved" and Picchu Picchu "Top Top" - both named in the Quechua language of the ancient Inca Empire.

(Adapted from: Arequipa, Peru. (2008). From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia and from the Embassy of Peru)

The municipal website link is here. A video of a priest singing during a chapel service in the Arequipa Cathedral is here. (or click on the picture)

 

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The Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. Convento de Santa Catalina.
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Scene in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Meeting room in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Carving of the last supper in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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A small plaza in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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A small plaza in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Paintings in a cloister in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. Much art work tells the bible story for the people who cannot read.
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Nuns slept under arches, which would withstand earthquakes, while there servants slept on the floor in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Paintings in a cloister in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. Much art work tells the bible story for the people who cannot read.
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Representation of Jesus in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Nuns slept under arches, which would withstand earthquakes, while there servants slept on the floor in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Nun's room in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Nuns slept under arches, which would withstand earthquakes, while there servants slept on the floor in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Nuns slept under arches, which would withstand earthquakes, while there servants slept on the floor in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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A music room in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. Music was an important element in daily life of a nun.
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Vivid colors are everywhere in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. The blue adds to expansiveness by being the same color as the sky on many days.
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Vivid colors are everywhere in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. The blue adds to expansiveness by being the same color as the sky on many days.
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A hallway or narrow street in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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A water filter common in Peru, made of volcanic rock and capable of filtering out most microscopic critters - in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Area showing prior earthquake damage in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Vivid colors are everywhere in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. The blue adds to expansiveness by being the same color as the sky on many days.
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The clothes washing facility with running water and large washtubs in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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A street scene in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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A water fountain in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Can you read this? A sign in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Guniea pigs (cuy) in the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru. These are a major source of food in Peru, often cooked the same ways as chicken.
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Looking towards el Misti volcano from the roof of the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru.
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Looking towards Chachani volcano from the roof of the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru
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Interior wall of the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru
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Photographers Kristin and Kimberly with the vibrant policeman of the Convent of Santa Catalina in Arequipa, Peru
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Miniature vintage Fiat automobile in Arequipa, Peru
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View along the main square in Arequipa, Peru
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View along the main square in Arequipa, Peru
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View along the main square in Arequipa, Peru
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The Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa (Basílica Catedral). Construction began in 1540, when the city was chartered. It is made of white petrified volcanic lava (sillar). Earthquakes destroyed major sections of the cathedral many times, and even to rubble just after it was first completed. The last was in 2001. Click for a video of a priest singing during a chapel service in the Arequipa Cathedral

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Inside the main section of the Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa (Basílica Catedral). Construction began in 1540, when the city was chartered. It is made of white petrified volcanic lava (sillar). Earthquakes destroyed major sections of the cathedral many times, and even to rubble just after it was first completed. The last was in 2001. Click for a video of a priest singing during a chapel service in the Arequipa Cathedral

 

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The fertile valley in which Arequipa is situated has been occupied back to 5000 – 6000 BCE. In the 15th century, the region, then occupied by Aymara Indians, was conquered by the Inca and served as an important supplier of agrarian products to the Inca Empire. The modern city of Arequipa was founded on 15 August 1540, by Garcí Manuel de Carbajal, an emissary of Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro. One year later, King Charles V of Spain gave it the rank of 'city' and the coat of arms that it still bears. Spanish influence left many relics and colonial architecture, which reminds the visitor of the city's colonial past, when it was the city with the highest proportion of Spanish population in Viceroyalty of Peru. This led Arequipa to develop a large Peruvian population as its demographics changed and grew over the centuries. Since the late 1940's, however, there has been a huge and increasing immigration from the Peruvian sierra, thus changing the demographic and cultural character of the city. Throughout history Arequipa remained relatively isolated during colonial and early republican times, but that changed in 1870 when a Southern railroad to the coastal port of Mollendo was inaugurated, opening trade via the Pacific Ocean. The building and expansion of more roads in the 1930s also led to a direct connection with the Pan-American Highway, strengthening Arequipa's links to the rest of the Americas. Since then, the city has remained the center of commerce between Lima and all of southern Peru. Arequipa served as a bastion of nationalism during Peru's struggle for independence from Spain in the early 19th century. Later, it served as a rallying point during the War of the Pacific (1879 – 1883) with Chile. The city has two principal universities — the Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa, the local state university (founded 1828), and the Universidad Católica de Santa María (founded in 1961), a private institution. One of Peru's largest stadiums, Estadio Monumental de la UNSA, is also located in Arequipa and hosted some of the 2004 American Soccer Cup soccer games, attracting many tourists as well as locals. As the second largest city in Peru, Arequipa is influenced by both Andalusian and Spanish Colonial ideas and architecture, such as the popular Santa Catalina Monastery, the Goyeneche Palace, Casa del Moral, and the popular district of Yanahuara. Arequipa has many valuable archaeological and tourist resources including the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest in the world and an ideal spot for observing the magnificent Andean Condor. Arequipa is served by the Rodriguez Ballon International Airport. The city is located at the foothill of three mountains. Arequipa is dry and sunny all year long.

(Adapted from: Arequipa, Peru. (2008). From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia and from the Embassy of Peru)

 

El departamento de Arequipa tiene un gran historial que data de épocas remotas. Se estima que sus primeros habitantes son de 6 mil a 8 mil años antes de Cristo, durante el periodo Paleolítico. La evidencia de su existencia se encuentra cerca a la región de Yarabamba en Pampa Colorada y en Sumbay, detrás del Misti, donde se aprecian pinturas rupestres en sus cavernas.Cuando los incas expandieron sus dominios a estas regiones por el siglo XV encontraron dos grupos étnicos bien establecidos en la región del valle del Colca: los Callaguas y los Cabanas, quienes destacan por su agricultura, lo cual se evidencia hasta ahora con su andenes y sistema de riego. El 15 de agosto de 1540, bajo el mando del capitán García Manuel Carbajal, los españoles fundan la Villa Hermosa de Arequipa y un año después el rey Carlos V la eleva a la categoría de ciudad y le otorga el escudo de armas el cual se mantiene hasta nuestra época.

La inauguración en 1870 del ferrocarril hacia Puno, Cusco y la Costa (Mollendo) impulsó su desarrollo, transformándola en un núcleo vital de las comunicaciones y del comercio del sur del país.La llamada "Ciudad Blanca" por lo blanco de sus edificios construidos con el sillar (ceniza volcánica petrificada) emanado del volcán Chachani, fue importante bastión de la lucha por la independencia del país en el siglo XIX. Durante este siglo, han sido varias las figuras arequipeñas que han destacado, tanto en la vida política como cultural del país, entre los principales figuran: Juan Pablo Vizcardo y Guzmán, autor de la Carta a los Españoles Americanos; Francisco Javier de Luna Pizarro, Presidente del Primer Congreso Constituyente en 1822 y el poeta Mariano Melgar, fusilado en Humachiri.

(Adapted from: the Municipal Web Page of Arequipa, Peru. 2007)











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This page last updated or reviewed in February 2011